Theory of Knowledge

Our course combines high quality, IB-approved content focusing on the Ways of Knowing and the Areas of Knowledge defined by the IB with access to all relevant materials. Our global online classrooms are particularly useful to stimulate discussions with a wide variety of cultural viewpoints.

What is Theory of Knowledge?

Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is a core component of the IB Diploma Programme; it plays an essential part in practicing the IB philosophy and inviting students to reflect on their learning. The IB defines Theory of Knowledge as “providing an opportunity for students to reflect on the nature of knowledge, and on how we know what we claim to know”.

Benefits to students

Upon completion of course, students should be able to:

  • analyse knowledge claims and respond to knowledge issues in the context of different areas of knowledge and Ways of Knowing
  • express ideas accurately and honestly, using examples from their own experiences as learners and from their broader life experience


The course material conveys the theoretical foundation of essential concepts or questions, while providing an environment in which these concepts can be discussed and debated. The global online classroom naturally presents opportunities for collaboration through the development of wikis and class projects via live lessons, as well as the use of blogs and discussion forums.

Content calendar

Preparation time for the essay and presentation is included.

  • Weeks 1 - 6: Introduction
  • Weeks 13 - 18: Mathematics
  • Weeks 19 - 24: History
  • Weeks 25 - 30: Ethics
  • Weeks 31 - 36: Natural Sciences
  • Weeks 37 - 42: Human Science
  • Weeks 43, 45, 46: Overview of Ways of Knowing
  • Weeks 44, 47 - 49: The Essay
  • Weeks 50 – 53: The Presentation


Summative assessments in the form of essay or presentation occur at the end of each unit (each six weeks). Specific time is allotted in the final weeks to complete a final essay and presentation. Formative assessments include writing in blogs, journals and discussion forums throughout the course.

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